COMMON HAND, FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASES- RELEVANT FACTS!

Your feet are irreplaceable because without them you cannot move one step ahead, so are your hands and mouth. If your feet are the pillars on which you can not only stand, but roam around, play, run, works and what not, then your hands are vital as you are typically useless without them. You mouth on the other hand controls the overall health of your body because no matter what you eat, it passes through your mouth only. If something is not well at this place, nothing will be fine in your stomach. And if your stomach is disturbed, your entire body goes out of tune. These three parts are hence the most important ones and we should make sure every time that we protect these pillars of our body and life. Here are some common diseases that can create disturbance in you hand mouth and foot and therefore create hindrance in your normal life.

COMMON HAND DISEASES

common-hand-diseases

You cannot do anything without your hands. They are your main tools to do any work. Even a minor pain or injury in one of the fingers of right hand can bind you to abstain from work for weeks. You know how important hands are for human being, but may not be aware of many commonly occurring diseases which attack your hands directly. If you are aware of the very common diseases, it will be easy to avoid and prevent the problems from occurring. If it is too late to prevent the issue, correct and appropriate knowledge can make the management and recovery easier and fast. The most common hand diseases are carpal tunnel syndrome, tendinitis, ganglion cysts, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and nail bed infection. Carpal tunnel syndrome is a painful condition which causes episodes of numbness, tingling, burning, and aching in the thumb, index and middle fingers, and thumb-side of the ring finger. In worst cases, carpal tunnel syndrome may affect the wrist up, forearm and even into the shoulder. The numbness which is generally occasional, may persist for longer time and even become constant, that will lead to loss of grip strength and coordination.  Gout, more specifically addressed as gouty arthritis, is a type of arthritis in which specifically attacks the smaller joints like wrist, knees, ankle, ear or knees. Although its victim joints are small, but the pain and discomfort it causes is extreme. Symptoms frequently include acute pain, swelling, intense tenderness and inflammation in the joints. Osteoarthritis is the progressive breakdown of the tissue that protects and cushions joints (cartilage). It may cause stiffness and pain with movement. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis over time can also lead to finger deformity. It is hence better to treat them as soon as possible. By now you know that the minute joints inside the fingers are important and demand equal attention. And if proper care is not taken, trust me the smallest joint will make the biggest trouble. To take good care of your hand, you need to take a note of the bone health and infection. By paying attention to these two, you can stay away from almost all the commonly occurring hand diseases.

carpal-tunnel-syndrome

Your job may demand more and regular work fro your hands, and in hands also from a particular finger. But you should take rest in between and try to relax your fingers and hands. Overuse sometimes leads to exhaustion and other severe problems. Do not forget that god has given you two hands to complete your work, then why give all the stress to only one of them. This is unfair, isn’t it? You should give your dominant hand a break whenever possible. If you cannot manage to do all the work with the other hand, then try to find out what you can do comfortably. Find out some tasks you can assign to the other hand as well. As you work, keep your body and your wrists in a comfortable, neutral position: straight, not bent or hunched over. Check the height of your computer screen. Rearrange the level of your keyboard or workstation so that you don’t have to strain, reach, or bend your wrists; it should be at elbow height or just slightly below. All of us have a tendency to hold objects with thumb and index finger alone. It not only puts all the stress on these two only but also can increase pressure on the wrist and cause irritation of the corresponding tendons. If you have to catch hold of some object or rotate a particular joint such as the lid of a jar, use your palm or your whole hand. It will distribute the load among all the five fingers and the palm.

With all these tips and tricks, you can enjoy working with both your hands for years without any pain, unease and ailment in them.

COMMON MOUTH DISEASES

cold-sore

Commonly occurring ailments related to mouth are cold sores, thrush, canker sores, burning tongue, oral cancer, bleeding gums and bad breathe. Out of these cold sores and bad breathe are the most common ones. Cold sores are nothing but small fluid filled blisters that comes all of a sudden anywhere on our face, mouth lips nose, anywhere. Although there is no fool proof cure for these cold sores, we can always play with the frequency of reoccurrence, and intensity with which they bother us. Some sores create such a big amount of pain that we stop eating for a few days. These were medical problems, but let us talk about a problem which is more social than medical. Bad breathe can be a matter of embarrassment more than a few times. Bad breathe is also known as halitosis and sometimes a result of a poor oral hygiene and is an outcome of what we eat/ drink the other times. Bacteria that build up on your teeth due to lack of cleanliness particularly between them as well as your tongue and gums, can produce unpleasant smelling gases. These bacteria are also responsible for gum disease and tooth decay. Oral hygiene consists of maintaining cleanliness of teeth, lips, tongue and gums. Gums are also major contributors of oral health. For instance, bleeding gums or gingivitis is a very common mouth disease which affects gums. Gingivitis refers to a mild infection in the gums, the severity of which varies greatly. Some people develop such infection in the gums and are not even aware of the fact that they have something wrong going on inside. At the same time many gingivitis patients may feel irritation, redness, swelling and puffiness of the gums. Other symptoms include bad breath, loose teeth, receding gums, and gums that become tender and bleed, especially while brushing or flossing.

Woman covering mouth

All these are very common problems, but none of them is life threatening. These days oral cancer is emerging out to be very common mouth disease. Close to 48,250 Americans will be diagnosed with oral or pharyngeal cancer this year. It will cause over 9,575 deaths, killing roughly 1 person per hour, 24 hours per day. This is something for which you need medical assistance, and the rest fo the mouth diseases can be tackled easily. Practicing good dental hygiene, as well as using certain spices in toothpastes or mouthwashes, are two of the things you can count on to maintain proper oral hygiene. This itself can help you prevent many mouth related diseases.

COMMON FOOT DISEASES

Foot should be considered special as it has the capability; in fact it bears tons of force everyday while you walk with the help of 26 bones and 42 muscles. We generally ignore it or give least priority when it comes to health and cleanliness but there are some very common foot problems that can land you up in trouble. There are many serious health ailments the initial symptoms of which are displayed on feet only. Hence it is a good idea on the condition of your feet. Many foot problems, like hammertoes, blisters, bunions, corns and calluses, heel spurs, claw and mallet toes, ingrown toenails, toenail fungus, and athlete’s foot, can develop due to improper care and lack of hygiene. Some of them are also a result of ill fitted footwear, or unclean shoes. Out of these the most common one is athlete’s foot, followed by toenail fungus. Athlete’s foot and toe nail fungus are common fungal infections on the leg or toenail which creates patches and scales in the affected area followed by hair loss. This is more common in men than women. Wearing airtight shoes may be one of the reasons behind this infection as fungus loves dark and suffocating corner. Most cases of athlete’s foot cause only bothersome redness, itching, flaking, and scaling on the soles of the feet and between the toes. Although the main reason behind its transmission is not yet clear, it is believed that it spreads due to direct contact with the infected area. Hammertoes and blisters also are usually cause by ill fitted footwear. A bunion is a crooked big-toe joint that sticks out at the base of the toe, forcing the big toe to turn in.  Corns appear on the tops and sides of your toes as well as between your toes. Calluses form on the bottom of the foot, especially under the heels or balls, and on the sides of toes due to repeated rubbing. Another very common ailment like bunion is cracked heels. Cracked heels are very common among all of us, with severity range varying greatly. To some of us it just a cosmetic issue, and to all others it is a reason of great pain and inconvenience.

common-foot-diseases

If you wear proper size and good quality of footwear you can avoid nearly all the issues related to foot. You should be very particular about the type of shoes you are wearing if you are more susceptible to these kinds of infections. The shoes you choose should have some air passage. Ensure a few things before you buy a new footwear. Make sure it fits the best in your feet; it should neither be too big and not at all very tight. Proper fitted shoes or other footwear are not too hard to find.  Also make sure you change your shoes every other day in order to give them time to dry up completely. Especially during summers sweat ruins things inside the shoe. Your foot is unable to breathe due to sweat. You should keep them in sunlight if possible every day, and if not then alter between two pairs everyday so that they do not develop any fungal infection. Cleaning the footwear is as necessary as washing your cloths. It should be done frequently, and if have  pair that is not washable, make sure you use some drying agent also like baking powder along with drying them up in sun every day. The sunlight will not only take away the moisture, but will also kill certain bacteria and fungus.